Right of Asylum in Islamic International Law (Siyar) and International Law (United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights): A Comparative Study
The right of Asylum is an indispensable human right given by Shariah and modern refugee laws. Granting Asylum is an imperative concept in today’s world as many people are indulged in fear of life because of some social, political, or religious problems and they may leave their own country and ask other states for protection. The security or protection granted by other states in such a situation is called Asylum. This paper finds out the concept of the right of Asylum in Shariah and UDHR, differences and similarities in Siyar and UDHR regarding the right of Asylum, principles governing the right of Asylum, and types and conditions for granting Asylum. In the end, this paper concludes that there are some similarities as well as differences in both but the concept of Islam regarding “Right of Asylum” is vast than a western and modern concept. If they are taken into consideration, it could significantly solve the refugee problems all over the world and especially within the Muslim States.