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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Authors should email their manuscripts to as per the instructions given below.

General Instructions

A research paper is one’s opinion on a topic, informed by research he has done. It is not a summary of others’ thoughts, a personal essay, or a review or critique. This can be daunting for new and experienced writers alike. The article must not have been published anywhere else. Moreover, the article should be decorated with references to basic sources. It is necessary to follow the rules of writing and spelling.


Author Information

The authors should provide their names, email addresses, phone number(s), present position/title besides the names of the universities/colleges on the title page of the manuscript to facilitate academic review and production.

  • Every author must provide a working email ID irrespective of whether he/she is corresponding or not.
  • All authors of an article are requested to provide their ORCID IDS.
  • The Corresponding Author clearly indicates who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal

Only those manuscripts will be considered for publication that have not been previously published anywhere nor is under consideration elsewhere.

Format Requirement

The authors are required to follow the instructions for formatting their research papers otherwise the paper will not be accepted for publication.

  • The article should be sent through email in Microsoft Word file format.
  • It should not be more than 25 pages.
  • Regarding the Font size, follow the below-mentioned Instructions
  1. For Main-Headings, font-size: 18
  2. For sub-heading, font-size: 16
  3. For text, font-size: (Urdu, Arabic-14, English-12)
  4. Footnote: font size (Urdu, Arabic-12, English-10)
  • Line Spacing: single throughout the paper.
  • Header & Footer: Page numbering should be at the center of the footer of the paper with the title of the paper at the center in the header.
  • Page setup: envelope B5, Portrait
  • Margins:0-inch margin on the left and right side, 0.8-inch on top and bottom of each page.
  • Paragraph Indention: Indent each paragraph’s first line by 0.5 inches and apply the indention consistently throughout the paper.

Directions for Writing

  • Title

This title page provides the title, date, and the name of the researcher and address. The title is extremely important. So, it should be comprehensive, precise, and reflect the original theme of the article.


  • Information about the Author

Author(s)’ name should be placed on the title page of the final paper right after the title on the left corner and the institution’s name along with further details should be placed in the footnote specified with the symbol (*). Please indicate the corresponding author in case the paper has multiple authors, as well as one article, which cannot be written by more than two authors. A separate page containing the full name of Author(s), Email Address, affiliated Institute, Postal address, and phone number(s) should also be submitted along with the article.

  • Abstract

The abstract is a self-contained paragraph that summarizes the entire study; its purposes, methods, results, and interpretations. The abstract of a research article seems first but it is often best to write this at last. The author would enclose an abstract containing approximately 250 words. It should deliver a concise summary of the objectives, methodology (including the species studied), key results, and major conclusions of the study. It should be written in complete sentences without subheadings. The abstract must be written in the English language.

  • Keywords

Keywords are words or phrases that describe the main content of your articles. A list of 4 to 6 keywords may also be provided after the abstract.

  • Introduction

This section provides background information to the reader which leads from the general questions to what was done in the research study. It is, therefore, not the place for an exhaustive literature review but should indicate the scope of the study, why the study was conducted, and related work by others. The Introduction should be broad, specific, ending with an objective clearly and briefly.

  • Methods

This section of the article describes what was actually done in the research study; where, when, who, how, etc. A reader should be able to visualize exactly what the researcher did. In this section, the researcher should try to include important details but not irrelevant ones. The objectives should be in mind while writing the Methods. Sub-headings can be used to organize this section.

  • Discussion

The typical Discussion begins with a concise wrap-up of the salient results and then goes on to explain what they mean. In this section, one can interpret what he has. The discussion will be easy to follow for the reader if it is organized around the objectives of the study. Think clearly and write concisely.

  • Conclusion/Findings/Recommendations

What happened? It is important that the results be presented with an organizational structure that matches the objectives of the study. The results should be written out so that the reader does not have to study tables or graphs to get the general picture. So, the conclusions should be presented in a logical sequence. The findings of the research should be clearly mentioned on which recommendations are made accordingly.

  • References and Bibliography
  1. All papers cited in the body of the paper must be referenced and no paper should be referenced if it has not been cited.
  2. Second, it is important as a professional courtesy to reference people’s ideas so it does not seem that you have thought up everything yourself. It is not necessary to cite every paper ever published on the subject but reference to a key early paper or a recent review of the subject is good practice.
  3. Regarding references, you should only cite papers that you have actually read.
  4. References should be made according to the following guidelines:
  • References should be made as endnotes.
  • While giving references, give from the Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition (full notes). Please visit:

  • For similar references at multiple locations, a traditional style of abbreviations may be used.
  • Quranic verses in the article are presented in Arabic script such as: Al-Quran, Sura Al-Nisa, 4:184
  • In Hadithic References, Book, Chapter & Hadith Number should be mentioned.
  • All-known figures mentioned in the article must be briefly introduced and references from books should also be quoted.

Transliteration of Arabic, Urdu, and English Words

Urdu and Arabic words in English articles must be transliterated. Transliteration Table is given on link:

Citation from the Internet/Webpage

If the author wants to cite an internet link, then he/she is required to provide a complete URL address and the fetching date otherwise the reference will be considered invalid. Follow the guidelines from Chicago Manual 17th Edition.

Transmission of Required Information

The authors should describe their research in detail along with enough details of the citation so that others will be able to revisit the research. Incorrect and ambiguous statements will be troublesome and not acceptable.

Simultaneous/Multiple Publication

Authors should avoid submission of the article in more than one journal for review and publication at a time. This is unethical as well as multiple publications on the same research are also not acceptable.

If an author wants to publish their work in multiple stages in multiple different articles, then references of the first publication should be represented accurately in the second publication.

Defining Sources

The written permission of the source is compulsory if any information is used and quoted which is derived from a discourse, correspondence, or a talk of a third party. Sources must be defined and cited in an accurate manner.

Major Mistakes in Published Work

If any mistake or error is noticed by the authors after submission, it is mandatory to inform the focal person of this journal “Al-Wifaq” immediately. that necessary correction in the article may be made well in time and in case of major mistake, the article may be withdrawn. The author is also bound to withdraw or make necessary corrections well in time as directed by the editor or publisher and also provide evidence confirming the accuracy of the original research wherever required.

Authors of the Work

Any individual with a significant contribution to the research work which is being presented in the article can be included as the author(s) of the article. However, it is the responsibility of the primary author to ensure that all the co-authors have seen the final draft of the article and agreed to the submission of the article.

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