واقعہ غرانیق: مفسرین اور اہلِ سیر کے نقطۂ نگاہ کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ (مستشرقین کے اعتراضات کے تناظر میں)
The Incident of Gharaniq: An Analytical Study of the Views of Quranic Commentators and Seerah Writers (In the Context of Orientalists’ Objections)

Dr. Samina Sadia *
Assistant Professor, Sheikh Zaid Islamic Center, University of the Punjab, Lahore

Abstract

The incident of Gharānīq is one of the most debated topics in the biography of the Holy Prophet, and there is a difference of opinion among the commentators as to its validity. The first narrators of this incident are Ibn Sa’ad and Allāma Ibn e Jarīr Tabrī. Later, many commentators of the Holy Qur’ān and biographers of the Holy Prophet narrated this incident. A group of scholars, while acknowledging the reality of the incident, have offered justifications in this regard. The justification adopted by the majority of earlier and modern scholars is that the praising words for gods were uttered by the devil and not by the Holy Prophet, but the Orientalists have tried to prove that Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) tried to get close to the polytheists of Makkah. In this article, it will be discussed that the majority of scholars have termed this incident as fabricated on the basis of rational and traditional evidence. Many contemporary biographers, such as Allāma Shiblī Naumanī, Muhammad Hussaīn Hekal and Dr. Muhammad Hamidullāh, have given reasoned answers to the objections of Orientalists regarding this incident. This incident contradicts the basic teachings of Islam and the infallibility of prophethood.

Keywords

Gharānīq, Orientalists, narrators, validity, fabricated, Islam.

Al-Wifaq

Vol 5

Issue 1

January – June 2022

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