Islamic Scholarship on Social Peace and Class Inequalities in Education: Mapping Contemporary Patterns by Abductive Reasoning and Islamic Injunctions

Dr. Muhammad Zulqarnain *
Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Studies, Al-Qadir University, Sohawa, Jehlum.

Dr. Qasim Azzam Bhutta **
Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic, NUML, Islamabad.


The purpose of this research paper was to analyze the nexus between social peace and class inequalities in the education system of Pakistan. Qualitative, descriptive, and abductive research techniques were employed for the collection, analysis, and demonstration of data. The review of the literature concluded that the education system in Pakistan had badly failed to establish social peace, justice, tolerance, shared respect, harmony, and cooperation. Despite different measures such as modern techniques of curriculum development, effective teaching pedagogies, huge funds, up-to-date evaluation system, this education system only promoted hatred, evils, corruption, dishonesty, lust, immorality, unfaithfulness, materialism, secularism, and irreligious attitude into the society. The research disclosed that one of the core obstacles to social peace was Class inequalities in Pakistan’s education system, which gave birth to uncountable problems in the society. In this context, this article intended to examine the effects of class inequalities in education upon social peace. The author would also recommend some suggestions to get rid of this issue and make a healthy, peaceful, and peace-promoting society in Pakistan.


Class Inequalities, Pakistani Education System, Social Peace, Education, Islamic perspective


Vol 4

Issue 2

July – December 2021