The Historical Context of Disagreements among Different Schools of Thought and Proofs of Taqlid in the Light of Islamic Etiquettes of Disagreement

Humaira Jahangir *
Research Scholar, Department of Islamic Studies, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi.

Dr. Shahzadi Pakeeza **
Assistant Professor / Head of Department, Department of Islamic Studies, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi.


The difference of opinion is a natural process. Having different intellectual approaches, some variances occur naturally. The article focuses on reasons for the differences of view and judgment among the jurists. The description of Arabic linguistics, the articulation of texts, diacritical marks, the technique of transmitting any narration, the principles for agreeing any text are among the many reasons which indicate alterations of opinion. The study also portrays that the differences of opinion were considered harmful then there would not have been any differences among the Companions of the Holy Prophet. This article discusses that Islam is like a fortress that is safeguarded continuously and cannot be overlapped nor overcome. The study is qualitative in nature, with a descriptive and analytical approach. Both primary and secondary sources have been employed for data analysis using the content analysis technique. The study delineates that the ethics of disagreements demands a Muslim to tolerate divergent opinions. The study also focuses on the taqlid and its importance in the light of the Quran and the Sunnah. The study concludes that the natural type of differences in ideas are unavoidable phenomena so it must be on the foundations of authentic pieces of evidence and positivity. The finding of the study is that taqlid is not an unfamiliar concept at all in the foundations of the Shari’ah.


 Ikhtilaf, Ethics of Disagreement, Peace, Harmony, Taqlid


Vol 4

Issue 2

July – December 2021